The Catholic who found a new faith in Nazism was head of the Gestapo in Lyons, France. ‘The Butcher of Lyon’ deported Jewish children to Auschwitz and killed 4,000. He infamously tortured an important resistance member by putting hot needles under his fingernails, beating him unrecognisable, and then displaying him like a doll in his office. After the war, the British and then Americans used him. They secreted him to Bolivia. But France extradited him and after sentencing, he died in jail.