On 10 February 1946, Luciano started a new life in Naples. But the Italian government restricted his movements to just a few miles of the city. It also kept tabs on his visitors and any business he was up to. Nevertheless these constraints didn’t stop him from still running his notably smaller empire back in the States, mainly through the telephone.
Despite falling out with long-time friend Meyer Lansky, he still remained a rich man. On 26 January 1962, as Luciano greeted a scriptwriter at Naples airport to talk about his life with a view to a movie being made about him, he suddenly had a heart attack and died.